藝術家史蒂芬.帕博丘 Štefan Papčo(生於 1983 年),為斯洛伐克當代傑出的年輕藝術家代表, 曾於 Bratislava 藝術設計學院學習雕塑及空間並師事雕塑家 Jozef Jankovič。帕博丘在世界各地擁有多年的藝術駐村經驗,2011年獲得紐約布魯克林 Dumbo Arts Festival 的 Best Open Studio 獎項,2015年獲得斯洛伐克 NOVUM Foundation 首獎,作品更被許多美術館如斯洛伐克國家藝廊、義大利梅斯納爾山峰博物館及私人藏家蒐藏。

「登山者」(mountain climbers)是帕博丘作品的核心概念,「登山」做為創作的來源,代表的意義不只是在登山過程中體驗各種偏離日常的身體經驗,同時更提供了一種文本,以各種姿態呈現當代社會議題發展及與過去的歷史產生對話及碰撞。如同社會學家對群體做觀察,帕博丘利用了雕塑的語言,讓金屬、混凝土、木材、矽膠及蜂蠟展現不同材質混和交織的精彩力道,看似柔軟的外表卻有自然粗糙及真實觸感,呈現山與人之間的多種邏輯及面貌;巧妙地反轉物理思維成為藝術結構的語彙:點、線、面甚至是四維度的時間,都在帕博丘的掌握下。從抽象角度觀看:身體經驗、視覺符號、地圖、虛構地平線及各片斷所組成的空間象限,動態與靜態都隱藏在這些紀錄式的雕塑文本中。

回頭看 1960-70 年代的歐洲藝術圈,Robert Morris 發表的多篇文章對身體、時間與在場的設定 為當代藝術建立了新的觀念,經過觀念藝術(Concept Art)及行為藝術(Performance Art)的浪潮,藝術家們從藝術型態的思考轉向文化及歷史,創作過程中以觀念先行來佈局,這樣的藝術基因影響了代代的藝術家。再來,社會上對於政治及歷史需要被詮釋的回應,藝術家所能嘗試的,是在自然中進行探索活動時,對未知環境摸索、產生冒險感及感受到生命的遼闊,都是逐步打破領土疆域的試探,亦是思想上嚮往自由及對於精神壓迫的反抗。人的身體在登山的過程中所擁有的經驗,連結的是歷史與社會中一種命定不凡且共有的群體經驗。不同於許多偉大登山者選擇的高峰挑戰及對山的崇敬感佩,帕博丘嘗試很多攀登路線,試圖紀錄不斷推進的時空所產生的土地及社會發展。作品 Along the right edge of the huge Corner(Cardinality)及 Left Edge Tower (Cardinality),充滿詩意的命名表現了藝術家的獨到觀察及想像力,收納山脊的線條及反轉量體的空間感,與真實環境連結的個人經驗。又如作品 West Face,山的面孔被擠壓在牆面的金屬上,蒼白、低彩度的、具有份量的作品由現成物及抽象空間所構成的雕塑。作品 Jumper 及作品 Pavel 則呈現了登山者的靜止的凝結動態,對於險惡環境的天氣狀況及身體上的適應。

帕博丘2018年首次於Bluerider ART展出「垂直線」(Vertical),講述的是一場利用登山活動反映人類純粹的精神層面的一系列故事。在白盒子中登山,如同電玩般,將虛擬空間切割及在場域中瞬間切換身分動作,登山所揚起的塵土,如同雕刻般塑造山形,登山的每一腳步都像雕刻著山的紋理,試著為生命做出突破,各種山壁如同道道可行走的切面,帶領觀眾通往自由的道路。

Štefan Papčo’s aims are the contemporary forms of use of alpine landscape, primarily the mountain climbers’ community well known for their readiness to willingly enter bordering life-threatening situation. Thanks to this fact, he thinks of climbing society as worth a long term observation. The artist confronts and reviews the forms of landscape, use with the lands history for the past ages. The space illustration of extreme situations and settings from the mountain climbing environment offers the possibility to grasp the space as a text predetermined for recording of important elements in contemporary development of the society that uses the outdoor space. The strategy of typological investigation of the mounting climbing environment is based on formal minimalization of existential experiences, the process interventions and an active climbing experience.

Select Solo Exhibitions

2017/182017/18 Štefan Papčo solo show curated by Elena Sorokina, Kunsthalle Bratislava, Slovakia
2016Up the Middle of the Wall, Galerie mesta Blanska, Blansko, Czech Republic
2016Cumulations, Galerie moderneho umeni, Roudnice nad Labem, Czech Republic
2015/16Štefan Papčo, ZAHORIAN & VAN ESPEN, Bratislava, Slovakia
2015Cardinality, Regional Gallery in Liberec, Czech Republic
2014Brokeback Mountain, Young International Artists (YIA art fair) – Hors les Murs, Musée des Arts et Métiers, Paris, France
2014Cardinality, Kunsthalle Kosice, Slovakia
2013YIA #3 (Young International Artists), Paris, France, represented by ZAHORIAN&co GALLERY
2013All good things aim at the same point, ZAHORIAN&co GALLERY
2012Rock, Galerie Die Aktualität des Schönen…, Liberec, Czech Republic
2010Moraine, City Gallery of Bratislava, Slovakia
2010Terra Cognita (with Daniela Krajčová), Nitra Gallery – Bunker, Slovakia
2009Brokeback Mountain, Pavilon Gallery, Prague, Czech Republic
2009Tatra – Version, An ancient power station – LYSE, Florli, Norway
2009Double Fall, Cyprian Majernik Gallery, Bratislava, Slovakia
2008Indoor Sunset, Gallery 13M3, Bratislava, Slovakia
2008Bivouac, an online picture transmission from Lomnický Peak (High Tatras, SK) and Jossingfjord (NO) via IP camera, climb.sk, stefanpapco.com and dalane-tidende.no
2007Vertical Holidays, St. John Chapel, Bratislava, Slovakia

Select Group Exhibitions

2017Pasce a Evidencie, Nitra Gallery, Nitra, Slovakia
2017Arc of Memory, curated by Tereza Jindrová, ZAHORIAN & VAN ESPEN, Prague, Czech Republic
2017SCOPE New York, USA, represented by ZAHORIAN & VAN ESPEN
2017SCOPE Basel, Switzerland, represented by ZAHORIAN & VAN ESPEN
2016YIA # 7 (Young International Artists) Paris, France
2016Crossroads, London, UK, represented by ZAHORIAN & VAN ESPEN
2016XXL Views of Contemporary Slovak Art, Gask – Gallery of the Central Bohemian Region, Kutna Hora, Czech Republic
2016SCOPE Basel, Switzerland
2016YIA # 6 (Young International Artists) Brussels, Belgium
2016ARTEFIERA, Bologna, Italy
2016Opening Night: Part II, Chabah Yelmani Gallery, Brussels, Belgium
2015Reason and Defiance, Vychodoslovenska galeria Kosice, Slovakia
2015YIA #5 (Young International Artists) Paris, France
2015THE SECOND DEATH OF GEORGE MALLORY, Karlin Studios, Prague, Czech Republic
2015Reconstructions, Slovak National Gallery, Bratislava, Slovakia
2015Between Democracies 1989 – 2014, Constitution Hill, Johannesburg, South Africa
2015RESET 2015, Jozef Kollár Gallery, Banská Štiavnica, Slovakia
2015ROMA VERSO EXPO Artisticamente…, Palazzo Vittoriano, Rome, Italy
2015La Confidentielle du YIA #2, Paris, France
2015Something in the Silence /with Jiří Petrbok/, ZAHORIAN&co GALLERY
201590 Pieces of Art, City Gallery of Bratislava, Slovakia
2015ARTEFIERA, Bologna, Italy
2014YIA #4 (Young International Artists), Paris, France
2014Past → Present → Past, Karlin Studios, Prague, Czech Republic
2014TWO LANDSCAPES An Image of Slovakia: 19th Century × Contemporary, Slovak National Gallery, Bratislava, Slovakia
2014Did you dream about mountains? III, Czech centre, Prague, Czech Republic
20147th New Zlín Salon 2014, Regional Gallery of fine Arts in Zlín, Czech Republic
2014Hast du Bergen geträumt II, Czech centrum Berlin, Germany
2014ARTEFIERA, ZAHORIAN&co GALLERY, Bologna, Italy
2013Hommage à Constantin Brancusi /with Julia Cottin/, ZAHORIAN&co GALLERY
2013Prague Biennale 6, Prague, Czech Republic
2013Expansive Limits – Daniela Antonelli, Lucas Maddock, and Štefan Papčo, Residency Unlimited, New York, USA
2013ARTEFIERA, Bologna, Italy
2012Exhibition 2, ZAHORIAN&co GALLERY
2012Jeune Création Européenne, Biennial of Contemporary Art, Klaipeda Exhibition Hall, LIT – Kunsthaus Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany – City Gallery of Bratislava, Slovakia – Art Exhibition Hall, Pécs, Hungary – Galerie im Traklaus, Salzburg, Austria
2012Zero Years, Modem, Debrecen, Hungary
2012Zlín Youth Salon, Regional Gallery of Fine Arts in Zlín, Czech Republic
2012Ready, set, go!, Nitra Gallery, Slovakia
2011Maps I, City Gallery of Bratislava, Slovakia
2011Maps II, Slovak National Gallery, Bratislava, Slovakia
2011Disarming, Cyprian Majernik Gallery, Bratislava, Slovakia
2011Jeune Création Européenne, Biennial of Contemporary Art, La Fabrique, Paris, France
2011Zero Years, Slovak Art 1999 – 2011, House of Art Bratislava, Slovakia
2011Blind lake, Meet Factory, Prague, Czech Republic
2011Without unnecessary talk, The Youth´s Gallery of Nitra, Slovakia
2010Finalists of Oskár Čepan Award, Medium Gallery, Bratislava, Slovakia
2009Jeune Création 2009, CENTQUATRE Paris, France
2009MODEL, City Gallery of Bratislava, Slovakia
2009The place, where they pack on the back, where weeping…, Prague, Czech Republic
2009TBD Kingdom, Medium Gallery, Bratislava, Slovaki
2009Atlantis/Hidden Histories, New Identities, Open Gallery, Bratislava, Slovakia
20091st Danube Biennial, Meulensteen Museum Danubiana, Slovakia
20081960 – contemporary era, Slovak Art + Czech Guests, City Gallery of Prague, Czech Republic
2008TB Dalane Kunstprosjekt, European City of Culture 2008 – Stavanger, Eigersund, Norway

Collections

Messner Mountain Museum collection, Italy
Museum Caldic Collectie, The Netherlands
Aegidius Collection, Luxembourg
Slovak National Gallery, Bratislava, Slovakia
Cyprián Majerník Gallery, Bratislava, Slovakia
Bratislava City Gallery, Bratislava, Slovakia
Liptov Gallery of Peter Michal Bohúň, Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovakia
Nedbalka Gallery, Bratislava, Slovakia
Trebešice Castle Collection, CZ

Awards & Scholarships

2015NOVUM foundation, grand prize, Slovakia
2014Le Vent des Forêts, France
2013Tatra Bank Foundation Art Award – Young Artist
2013Artist in residence, Residency Unlimited, New York, USA
2011Artist in residence, Triangle Arts Association, New York, USA
2011Best Open Studio, Dumbo Arts festival, New York, USA
2011DAF Grand Prize 2011, Dumbo Arts festival, New York, USA
2010Finalist of Oskar Čepan Award, Bratislava, Slovakia
2009Artist in residence, Florli, Norway
2009Meulensteen Art Award, Meulensteen Museum, Slovakia
2006The first prize, Erasmus exhibition, My Neighborhood, Porto, Portugal

Works

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Press

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