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Ilit Azoulay
Regarding Silences
戰後的沈默

11.2 – 12.28

開放: Tue.-Sat. 9am – 7pm
Bluerider 仁愛館 Ren-Ai gallery
台北市大安區仁愛路四段 25-1 號 10樓
10F., No.25-1, Sec. 4, Ren’ai Rd., Taipei

 

Ilit Azoulay 耶路撒冷貝扎勒藝術與設計學院、特拉維夫的貝薩拉勒碩士學位。現居於特拉維夫創作。Azoulay 以考古挖掘(archeological digging)為手段,以蒙太奇全景攝影創作,同時扮演著考古學家、檔案管理員、藝術家的角色,如同博物館般將物件蒐藏,精細地分類、追溯來源及其文本,交叉指涉多種歷史,將平凡的碎片物件,化為傳達訊息的珍貴材料,像一首詩,邀請了觀者來朗讀,這首詩情感深邃濃烈,悄悄讓人從沉默的記憶中醒來。曾於MoMA紐約當代藝術館、巴黎現代藝術博物館、耶路撒冷以色列博物館、聖地牙哥攝影藝術博物館、羅馬MAXXI博物館…等舉辦展覽,作品更獲紐約古根漢美術館、MoMA紐約現代藝術館、巴黎龐畢度美術館、耶路撒冷以色列博物館、芝加哥藝術學院等重量級美術館永久收藏。 Ilit Azoulay 創作生涯的作品,是她遊走在城市間的歷程,她持續地挖掘城市的層次及隱藏背後的歷史,做為一位深度的考古學家、歷史學家及秉持冒險家、城市漫遊者的精神,用敏銳的攝影鏡頭,捕捉城市錯綜複雜的碎片構成影像,並邀請觀眾一同參與開放的閱讀敘事。三大重要計畫,包括在德國各建築物中找尋歷史足跡的 ‘Implicit Manifestation’(2013-14),反映對德國歷史記憶的保存與再現。影像與聲音成了兩條交織建構歷史的軸線,當這些物件一致攤開時,這樣的全幅影像將劇場式美學與幕後完美融合。三年間深入耶路撒冷以色列博物館館藏庫房、訪談博物館員、探討收藏與觀看型態的‘No Thing Dies’(2014-2017),透過影像組構傳記,透過聲音、文本、物件影像連結一幅幅交織的真實故事。以及此次長達八年研究計劃‘Regarding Silences’(2008-2019)Ilit Azoulay的作品像座博物館展示了各式乘載戰爭記憶的個體,微觀呈現了個人在戰爭結束後不斷延續的創傷,也向國家歷史提出了挑釁的姿態。 Photomontage攝影蒙太奇的創作手法在藝術史中,多與政治力量與反戰相關。最早的蒙太奇,是利用攝影技巧將多張照片切割、排列、重疊在一起。而知名的達達主義(Dada) 是歐洲第一次世界大戰時,許多厭惡戰爭的藝術家,將對現實的憤怒,訴諸於破壞的精神以對社會事件進行犀利的批判。像是奧地利藝術家Raoul Hausmann (1886-1971) 使用實驗性蒙太奇攝影拼貼圖像,藉此批評戰爭。隨著1980年代大眾廣告傳播的流行,藝術家 Peter Kennard (1947-) 也採用蒙太奇拼貼去表達反戰示威的精神,並用文本、聲音揭示被隱藏的真相。Azoulay在 ’Regarding Silences‘ 計畫中,則組構了細緻的特定場景,其中卻含有多重政治、社會意涵,以及對媒體和圖像狀態的思考,並關注事件的發生,組構的影像跨越了時間及空間的多種層次,並從現實-中介影像-網絡訊息這樣的路徑去傳達戰爭留下無可被忽視的影響讓人省思。 這次在Bluerider ART展出Ilit Azoulay經過八年所醞釀誕生的系列作品’Regarding Silences’戰後的沈默,此系列的全景攝影,捕捉過去一座位於以色列北部小鎮Zikhron Ya’akov的建築殘骸,這個地方曾經做為贖罪日戰爭(1974年,又稱第四次中東戰爭)後,被以色列軍隊作為從埃及被俘擄後歸國的士兵療養之地。這些曾被俘擄的士兵,回國後被多次審問並強迫服用藥物,使得戰爭創傷症候群至今仍深深影響著他們。Azoulay與研究團隊進行訪談計畫,並多次造訪這棟將拆毀的建築,以微鏡頭攝影記錄每個物件及殘骸片段,她使用蒙太奇手法,將各種碎片分類編目,再重新組合成全景圖像。如作品 Wipe the Slate Clean (2016) 便戲劇性地將各種建築碎片組構成特殊的劇場舞台畫面,各式物件隱喻了戰爭的對立狀態及在非常時刻中無法理解的殘酷手段,也呈現士兵被壓抑、噤聲的創傷(trauma),也因此「沉默」成了一種最終的保密狀態,進入超乎常人的精神領域。諷刺的是,這棟建築最終改建成為高級奢華的飯店,一語道破瀰漫於以色列社會中,這段被掩蓋的歷史及人們共同的國家傷痕記憶。在戰爭中被掩蓋的記憶、文字、聲音,透過蒙太奇的表現,這些高度個人主觀的經驗並置讓許多文本存在衝突,而觀者可以選擇自己從那裡開始閱讀、於那裡斷開,成為一種非線性的關聯性閱讀。 Ilit Azoulay 通過她的記錄,將藝術貢獻她曾居住及工作的城市,各種物件影像組成圖像,敘事被反覆地切割、斷裂再組構。歷史文化的證據被整合在一面虛構的平面空間,這樣的解構主義 (deconstruction) 期望消除內部與外在、自我與他者、善與惡等的對立狀態,而解構亦含有建設之意圖,要撼動封閉的結構,並有所創造,邁向未來。Azoulay擔任了重要的歷史說書人角色,同時記錄、重新排列及再詮釋這些集體記憶,她用藝術對保存人們的記憶及文化歷史見證做出了重要貢獻。

“Regarding Silences” is a project culmination of eight years of research and production. Azoulay is known for using thousands of high definition macro photographs to create surreal composite images. Using her signature technique for this project, she painstakingly catalogued the renovation of an emblematic Brutalist building situated in northern Israel, in the process uncovering complex layers of history.

Built in 1968 by Yaakov Rechter as a convalescent home for workers, the award-winning building, a masterpiece of Brutalist architecture, was converted over nine years into an art-oriented luxury hotel. However, beyond being a physical manifestation of the Israeli economy‘s transition from socialist to capitalist, the building betrays a hidden past as an interrogation camp for Israeli soldiers who had been captured in the 1974 Yom Kippur War and who were summoned for questioning and interrogation upon their return home. Some were administered harsh drugs that caused them to mentally relive the moments of trauma they experienced during the war. To create a fuller scope of view, Azoulay collaborated with artist Jonathan Touitou, investigator Renana Mor, linguist Jenny Birger, dramaturg  Nir Shauloff, her studio manager at the time Elinore Darzi, and psychologist-writer Amia Lieblich and interviewed dozens of former “POWs” (prisoners of war).

In Azoulay‘s work, no element is simply found. In fact, none of Azoulay‘s work is photography in any straightforward sense of the term. Each element in these highly constructed images, even the most banal looking piece of concrete or dust, is carefully considered and placed. Her composite and multilayered images allow for a parallax view of several layers across time and space. In Azoulay‘s loaded works, the material history of the site intersects with the present in a way that gives form to the invisible hands at play in an important but overlooked part of history.

Ilit Azoulay (Israel, b.1972)

Ilit Azoulay was born in Jaffa in 1972. She lives and works in Berlin. Azoulay holds a BFA (1998) and MFA (2010) from the Bezalel Academy of Art and Design, Jerusalem. Solo exhibitions of her work have been held at Kunst Werke, Berlin (2014); Herzliya Museum of Contemporary Art (2014); Rencontres d’Arles Discovery Award (nominated by Quentin Bajac), Arles (2014); Andrea Meislin Gallery, New York (2011, 2013), Braverman Gallery, Tel-Aviv (2013). Her works have be shown in major local and international group exhibitions including The Museum of Modern Art MoMA (2015) , Musee d’art Moderne de la Ville de Paris (2015), Fotofestival Mannheim-Ludwigshafen-Heidelberg (2015), Andrea Meislin Gallery, New York (2013), Daimler Art Collection, Berlin (2012); The Israel Museum, Jerusalem (2011).

Azoulay was shortlisted for Prix Pictet 2015, and participated in the finalist exhibition at the Musee d’art Moderne de la Ville de Paris; was the recipient of a six-month residency awarded by the KW Institute for Contemporary Art, Berlin, the Schir Foundation, and the Shpilman Institute for Photography, Tel Aviv (2013); and has been awarded the Gerard Levy Prize for Photography, The Israel Museum Jerusalem (2010); the Constantiner Photography Award for an Israeli Artist Tel Aviv Museum of Art (2011); and the Ministry of Culture and Sport Prize (2011). Works by Azoulay are in numerous museum collections, including Centre Pompidou, Paris; Podesta Collection, Washington; Houston Museum of Fine Arts; The Israel Museum Jerusalem; Tel Aviv Museum of Art; and the Herzliya Museum of Contemporary Art. Recent publications are Finally Without End, an artist monograph (Sternberg Press, Berlin) and Shifting Degrees of Certainty, following her exhibition at KW (Spector Books, Leipzig).

 

 

Selected Solo Exhibitions

2019Regarding SilencesBluerider art, Tapei, Taiwan
2019Regarding SilencesCCA, The Center for Contemporary Art, Tel Aviv, Israel.
2017No Thing DiesThe Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
2017Nebraska: unknown aspectsBraverman Gallery, Tel Aviv
2015A Seventh OptionAndrea Meislin Gallery, New York. USA
2014Implicit ManifestationHerzliya Museum of Contemporary Art
2014Shifting Degrees of CertaintyKW, Berlin, Germany
2014Les Rencontres d’Arles Discovery Awardnominated by Quentin Bajac (MOMA),France
2013Linguistic TurnBraverman Gallery, Tel Aviv, Israel
2013Room#8Andrea Meilsin Gallery, New York, USA
2011The KeysAndrea Meislin Gallery, New York, USA
2010The KeysBezalel Gallery, Tel Aviv, Israel
2008FindingsMinshar for art Gallery, Tel Aviv; Israel
2008Tea for TwoTwo Men Exhibition, Museum of Israeli Art, Ramat Gan, Israel
2007 Selected Works, 1998-2007The Neri Bloomfield School of Design and Education, Haifa, Israel
2006I Placed a JarDollinger Art Project, Tel Aviv, Israel
2002SalviaThe Gallery in Borochov, Tel Aviv, Israel
1998 Graduation exhibition, Department of PhotographyBezalel Academy of Arts and Design,Jerusalem, Israel

Selected Group Exhibitions

2019Contemporary Local Print – Jerusalem Print WorkshopThe New Gallery Artists’s Studios Teddy, Israel
2018Flood – Contemporary Israeli Photography Ashdod Art Museum, Israel
2018The Big Picture, Nelson – Atkins Museum of ArtKansas City, Missouri, USA
2018 KEDEM-KODEM-KADIMA
CCA – The Center for Contemporary Art, Tel Aviv,Israel
2018Daegu Photo Biennale 2018 – Daegu, South Korea
2018Excavation Mark! Reveal Preserve GlorifyHansen House – Centre for Design, Media and Technology, Jerusalem, Israel
2017No Place Like HomeThe Israel Museum, Jerusalem
2017Local Compilation Ashdod Art Museum, Israel
2016Photography Today: Distant RealitiesPinakothek der Moderne, Munich, Germany
2015The Biography of ThingsAustralian Center for Contemporary Art, Victoria, Australia
2015Disorder: Prix Pictet FinalistsMusee d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France
2015Ocean of Images: New Photography 2015MoMA, New York
2015[7] Places [7] Precarious FieldsFotofestival Mannheim,Mannheim, Germany
2015Affinity AtlasThe Frances Young Tang Teaching Museum and Art Gallery at Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, NY, USA
2015Re:Start, Braverman GallerTel Aviv, Israel
2015 Party Beuys: What Comes After FarceAndrea Meislin Gallery, New York, USA
2014Altarations: Built, Blended, ProcessedSchmidt Centre Gallery, Florida Atlantic University, Florida
2014Decadal Variations: 10th Anniversary Exhibition Andrea Meislin Gallery, New York,
USA
2014 Until You Get Out Of My Voice, Ashdod Art Museum, Ashdod, Israel
2014The AIPAD Photography Show, Andrea Meislin Gallery, New York, USA
2014Paris Photo Andrea Meislin Gallery, Paris, France
2014The Double Exposure ProjectShpilman Institute For Photography, Tel Aviv, Israel
2013Collecting Dust in Contemporary Israeli ArtThe Israeli Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
2013The AIPAD Photography ShowAndrea Meislin Gallery, New York, USA
2012NADA Art FairBraverman Gallery, New York, USA
2012Tree For Two One; Public InstalltionMuseum of Canadian Contemporary Art, Toronto
2012Misplaced, Displaced, Replaced Rotwand Gallery, Zurich, Switzerland
2012Plurie A Panorama of Contemporary Israeli Artists, Paris, France
2012Paris PhotoAndrea Meislin Gallery, Paris, France
2012Eyes in the back of the headThe Israeli Center for Digital Art, Holon, Israel
2012Private/Corporate VII The Doron Sebbag Art Collection, Tel Aviv, in collaboration with the Daimler Art Collection, Stuttgart/Berlin
2012Winners 2011: Ministry of Culture and Sport Prizes in Art and DesignPetach Tikva Museum of Art, Perach Tikva, Israel
2012Accelerating Toward Apocalypse: Works from the Doron Sebbag Art CollectionGivon Art Forum, Tel Aviv, Israel
2012The Aipad Photography showAndrea Meislin Gallery, New-York, USA
2011NADA Art FairARTIS Contemporary, Miami Beach, USA
2011Paris PhotoAndrea Meislin Gallery, Paris, France
2011The Constantiner Photography Award for an Israeli ArtistTel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv, Israel
2011Magic Lantern: Recent Acquisitions in Contemporary ArtThe Israel Museum of Art, Jerusalem, Israel
2011The Fabulous Eight Or The Mysteries Of The Enchanted House27 Hissin st, Tel Aviv,Israel
2011Annual Report 3Kayma Gallery, Tel Aviv, Israel
2011Action. PhotographyDan Gallery for Contemporary Art, Tel Aviv, Israel
2011Borders, Bezalel Academy for Arts and Design, Photography Department, Jerusalem, Israel

2011Tel Aviv-YaffoAcademic Collage of Tel-aviv, Israel
2011Fresh Paint #4Art Fair, Tel Aviv, Israel
2011Rear WindowDan Gallery for Contemporary Art, Tel Aviv, Israel
2011Swarze Vilde ChayesZemack Contemporary Art, Tel Aviv, Israel
2011IndisplaceGal-on Gallery, Tel Aviv, Israel
2011BeautyFlorentin 45 Contemporary Art Space, Tel Aviv, Israel
2011Israeli FabricThe Knesset (Israeli Parlament), Jerusalem, Israel
2010New in Photography: Recent AcquisitionsThe Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
2010Do your actions mention your heart`s intentions?Design Space, Tel Aviv, Israel
2010 Summer exhibitionNoga Gallery of Contemporary Art, Tel Aviv, Israel
2010Be My Guest: Hosting Contemporary ArtThe Diaghliev Live Boutique Hotel, Tel Aviv,Israel
2010SalonApart.Art Gallery, Tel Aviv, Israel
2009Monochrome, Levontin 7Tel Aviv, Israel
2009Compassion and RageMinshar for Art Gallery, Tel Aviv, Israel
2008Art Harvest, Art Farm ResidencyNebraska, USA
2008Facing the SeaTel Aviv Cinematheque, Israel
2008Snap ShotContemporary Art Gallery, Ofakim, Israel
2008Tea for TwoThe Museum of Israeli Art, Ramat Gan, Israel
2005UrimIsrael Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
2005Objects and CompassionGallery 33, Tel Aviv, Israel
2005Lights, in conjunction with the Adi Foundation project “Light and Matter”The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
2005Four HousesMishkenot Sha’ananim Gallery, Jerusalem, Israel
2005Four WallsThe Art Gallery, Kibbutz Nahshon, Israel
2004Under the SurfaceJah-Pan Gallery, Tel Aviv, Israel
2001Scratched AppleYung Yiddish space, Jerusalem, Israel

Selected Collections

Guggenheim MuseumNew York
The Museum of Modern ArtNew York
Centre PompidouParis
The Israel MuseumJerusalem
The Tel Aviv Museum of Art
The Herzelia Museum of Contemporary Art
Yona Fischer Collection, Ashdod Art MuseumMonart Center, Ashdod
Podesta Art Collection
Ekard Collection
SIP-The Shpilman Institute For Photography
Knesset Israel Collection
Mandel Collection
TJulia Stoschek Collection
Elstein Collection
Rivka Saker Collection
Igal Ahouvi Collection
Doron Sabag collection
National Gallery of Australia
The Museum of Fine ArtsHouston
Hammer MuseumLos Angeles
Art Institute of Chicago
Private collections
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